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PUBLICATION: Genetic variations in vitamin D-related pathways and breast cancer risk in African American Women in the AMBER Consortium. Int J Cancer. 2015 Dec 9. doi: 10.1002/ijc.29954

by Yao S, Haddad SA, Hu Q, Liu S, Lunetta KL, Ruiz-Narvaez EA, Hong CC, Zhu Q, Sucheston-Campbell L, David Cheng TY, Bensen JT, Johnson CS, Trump DL, Haiman CA, Olshan AF, Palmer JR, Ambrosone CB.
Wed, Jan 20th 2016 03:55 pm

 ABSTRACT: Studies of genetic variations in vitamin D-related pathways and breast cancer risk have been conducted mostly in populations of European ancestry, and only sparsely in African Americans (AA), who are known for a high prevalence of vitamin D deficiency. We analyzed 24,445 germline variants in 63 genes from vitamin D-related pathways in the African American Breast Cancer Epidemiology and Risk (AMBER) consortium, including 3,663 breast cancer cases and 4,687 controls. Odds ratios (OR) were derived from logistic regression models for overall breast cancer, by estrogen receptor (ER) status (1,983 ER positive and 1,098 ER negative), and for case-only analyses of ER status. None of the three vitamin D-related pathways were associated with breast cancer risk overall or by ER status. Gene-level analyses identified associations with risk for several genes at a nominal pā€‰ā‰¤ā€‰0.05, particularly for ER- breast cancer, including rs4647707 in DDB2. In case-only analyses, vitamin D metabolism and signaling pathways were associated with ER- cancer (pathway-level p = 0.02), driven by a single gene CASR (gene-level p = 0.001). The top SNP in CASR was rs112594756 (p = 7x10-5 , gene-wide corrected p = 0.01), followed by a second signal from a nearby SNP rs6799828 (p = 1x10-4 , corrected p = 0.03). In summary, several variants in vitamin D pathways were associated with breast cancer risk in AA women. In addition, CASR may be related to tumor ER status, supporting a role of vitamin D or calcium in modifying breast cancer phenotypes.

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